APICS Operations Management Body of Knowledge Framework, Third Edition

Project Management

Project management is using skills and knowledge for organizing, planning, scheduling, directing, controlling, monitoring, and evaluating the prescribed activities needed to complete a large-scale task.

7.1 Project organization and leadership

Before a project starts, senior management decides how the project will be organized. Three basic approaches are available: pure project, functional project, and matrix project.

Pure project. In pure-project approaches, a self-contained team works on the project full time.

Functional project. A functional project is housed within a functional division of the firm and specialized function-area experts work on the project.

Matrix project. A matrix project blends properties of functional and pure-project structures. Each project uses people from different functional areas. The project manager coordinates activities of the project while working closely with functional managers.