Project management is using skills and knowledge for organizing, planning, scheduling, directing, controlling, monitoring, and evaluating the prescribed activities needed to complete a large-scale task.
7.1 Project organization and leadership
Before a project starts, senior management decides how the project will be organized. Three basic approaches are available: pure project, functional project, and matrix project.
Pure project. In pure-project approaches, a self-contained team works on the project full time.
Functional project. A functional project is housed within a functional division of the firm and specialized function-area experts work on the project.
Matrix project. A matrix project blends properties of functional and pure-project structures. Each project uses people from different functional areas. The project manager coordinates activities of the project while working closely with functional managers.